基于ajax的聊天室的小型模板,采用JSON格式;后台为jsp

星期三, 2009-03-11 | Author: Lee | ajax, JAVA-and-J2EE | 7,103 views

这个小型应用中包含了几个非常常用的处理方式,对纯粹手工写个ajax应用有一定的帮助,留个方便自己以后直接小型应用(非框架版)代码如下:

数据库的表是mysql的:如下

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CREATE TABLE 'chatmessage'(
'id' int(11) NOT NULL auto_increment,
'username' varchar(255) NOT NULL,
'message' text,
PRIMARY KEY('id')
)


静态页面:chatroom.html

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<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN">
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
<title>聊天室</title>
 
<style type="text/css">
/* 页面字体样式 */
body, td, input {
    font-family:Arial;
    font-size:12px;
}
 
/* 显示发言信息 */
#msgDiv {
    height:300px;
    border:1px solid black;
    overflow:scroll;
}
</style>
 
<script type="text/javascript">
var xmlHttp;                      
var userName;                       //用于保存当前登录用户名
var lastId = 0;                     //用于保存最后读取的聊天记录编号
var newMsgTimer;                    //用于保存刷新消息计时器
//用于创建XMLHttpRequest对象
function createXmlHttp() {
    if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
       xmlHttp = new XMLHttpRequest();                     
    } else {
       xmlHttp = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
    }
}
//聊天用户登录
function login() {
    userName = document.getElementById("userName").value;           
       if (userName=="") {
        alert("请输入您的昵称。");
    } else {
        document.getElementById("loginDiv").style.display = "none"; //隐藏登录div
        document.getElementById("chatDiv").style.display = "";      //显示聊天div
        getNewMessage();                                            //获取新信息
    }
}
 
//用户发言
function sendMessage() {
    var msg = document.getElementById("msg").value;                 //获取用户发言内容
 
    //当内容为空时,提示用户
    if (msg == "") {
        alert("发言不可为空。");
    } else {
        document.getElementById("msg").value = "";                  //清除用户发言
        clearInterval(newMsgTimer);                                 //清除获取新消息计时器
        createXmlHttp();                                            
        xmlHttp.onreadystatechange = writeNewMessage;               
        xmlHttp.open("POST", "chatroom.jsp", true);                 //发送POST请求
        xmlHttp.setRequestHeader("Content-type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
        xmlHttp.send("action=send" +
                     "&userName=" + encodeURIComponent(userName) + 
                     "&msg=" + encodeURIComponent(msg) +
                     "&lastId=" + lastId);                          //参数包含用户信息和发言内容
    }
}
 
//获取最新发言
function getNewMessage() {
    createXmlHttp();                                                
    xmlHttp.onreadystatechange = writeNewMessage;                   
    xmlHttp.open("POST", "chatroom.jsp", true);                     
    xmlHttp.setRequestHeader("Content-type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
    xmlHttp.send("action=get&lastId=" + lastId);
}
 
//将服务器返回的最新发言写入页面
function writeNewMessage(newMsg) {
    if (xmlHttp.readyState == 4) {
        var msgDiv = document.getElementById("msgDiv");             
        var newMsgObj = eval("("+xmlHttp.responseText+")");         
 
        //当最后发言编号大于当前lastId时,在页面写入新内容
        if (newMsgObj.lastId > lastId) {
            lastId = newMsgObj.lastId;                              //更新lastId
            msgDiv.innerHTML += newMsgObj.msg;                      //追加新内容
            msgDiv.scrollTop = msgDiv.scrollHeight;                 //滚动div内容到底部
        }
        newMsgTimer = setTimeout("getNewMessage();", 1000);         //1秒后获取新发言
    }
}
 
//判断用户输入
function checkEnter(evt) {
    var code = evt.keyCode||evt.which;  
 
    //如果用户输入回车,调用sendMessage函数
    if (code == 13) {
        sendMessage();
    }
}
</script>
</head>
 
<body>
<h1>聊天室</h1>
 
<div id="loginDiv">
    昵称:<input type="text" id="userName">
    <input type="button" value="登录聊天室" onclick="login()">
</div>
 
<div id="chatDiv" style="display:none">
    <div id="msgDiv"></div>
    <div id="sendDiv">
        <input type="text" id="msg" size="30" onkeypress="checkEnter(event)">
        <input type="button" value="发送" onclick="sendMessage()">
    </div>
</div>
</body>
</html>

后台的jsp页面code:chatroom.jsp

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<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8"%>
<%@ page language="java"%>
<%@ page import="java.sql.*,ajax.db.DBUtils"%>
<%
    request.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");         
    out.clear();                                    
 
    String action = request.getParameter("action"); 
    int lastId = Integer.parseInt(request.getParameter("lastId"));  
 
 
    if ("send".equals(action)) {
        String userName = request.getParameter("userName");         
        String msg = request.getParameter("msg");                  
 
        String insertSql = "insert into chatmsg(username, message) values (?,?)";
        Connection conn = null;                                    
        PreparedStatement pstmt = null;                             
        ResultSet rs = null;                                        
        try {
            conn = DBUtils.getConnection();                        
            pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(insertSql);               
            pstmt.setString(1, userName);                           
            pstmt.setString(2, msg);                               
            pstmt.executeUpdate();                                  
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            System.out.println(e.toString());
        } finally {
            DBUtils.close(rs);                                     
            DBUtils.close(pstmt);                                   
            DBUtils.close(conn);                                    
        }
    }
 
    String sql = "select * from chatmsg where id > ? order by id asc";
 
    StringBuffer newMsg = new StringBuffer("{'msg':'");             
 
    Connection conn = null;                    
    PreparedStatement pstmt = null;             
    ResultSet rs = null;                        
    try {
        conn = DBUtils.getConnection();        
        pstmt = conn.prepareStatement(sql);     
        pstmt.setInt(1, lastId);               
        rs = pstmt.executeQuery();              
 
 
        while (rs.next()) {
            lastId = rs.getInt("id");           
            newMsg.append("<div class=\"oneMsg\"><span class=\"userName\">");
            newMsg.append(rs.getString("username"));
            newMsg.append("</span> 说:");
            newMsg.append(rs.getString("message"));
            newMsg.append("</div>");
        }
    } catch (SQLException e) {
        System.out.println(e.toString());
    } finally {
        DBUtils.close(rs);                     
        DBUtils.close(pstmt);                  
        DBUtils.close(conn);                   
    }
    newMsg.append("','lastId':");
    newMsg.append(lastId);                    
    newMsg.append("}");
    out.print(newMsg.toString());               
%>

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文章作者: Lee

本文地址: https://www.pomelolee.com/339.html

除非注明,Pomelo Lee文章均为原创,转载请以链接形式标明本文地址

2 Comments to 基于ajax的聊天室的小型模板,采用JSON格式;后台为jsp

youxinren
2009 年 03 月 28 日

请问DBUtils如何引入

liyz
2009 年 03 月 30 日

DBUtils 就是处理数据的CRUD工具类,比较简单就没有放上来

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